Genocide: A World History Chapter 8

Genocide: A World History Chapter 8 was about genocide in the post-cold war time. It talked about the genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina, the genocide in Rwanda, and the genocide in Darfur. It began by talking about the establishment of the R2P or the Responsibility to Protect. It then talked about what happened after the death of Josip Broz Tito in 1980. His death set off a chain of events that led to the genocide. Slobodan Milosevic was a former communist banker that became the leader of the nationalist turn in Serbs. Franjo Tudman pushed Croatian nationalism. Alija Izetbegovic was a Bosnian Muslim leader and used Bosnian nationalist rhetoric in order to grow the party of democratic action. The war between the Serbs and Croats showed the first signs of genocide. Vukovar was taken over by the Serbs on November 20. The ethnic cleansing that took place in Bosnia-Herzegovina involved 3,600 towns and was done by Bosnian Serbs. They wanted to get rid of Muslims that they believed were in their territory. Omarska was a prison camp where 6,000 people were held. Zeljko Mejakic was the commander of the camp. Bosnian Serbs in Srebrenica wanted to completely eliminate the Bosnian Muslim population. The next genocide that was discussed was the Rwanda genocide. This was an easy read because I just finished a book about the Rwanda genocide. It pretty much said the same stuff as that book. Something that this book mentioned that I found very interesting was that between AprilĀ 6 and July 18, 1994, more than 800,000 people were killed which mean 8,000 people were killed a day. That is an astounding figure. The last genocide that was discussed was the Darfur genocide. Darfur is the western part of Sudan. The Janjaweed are groups of Arab pastoral nomads, and the black Africans were agriculturalists. Insurgents attacked the Sudanese military in the Spring of 2003. As a response to this, the president Omar al-Bashir called for an all-out war against black AfricanĀ tribes. This led to nearly 1.65 million people being internally displaced. What is so unfortunate about this genocide is that it was never truly resolved. I thought this chapter was interesting and an easy read. I liked learning about the Darfur genocide especially because I had never heard of it, and it is still an issue today.

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